Venezuelan Independence Day 2002
Posted: Friday, July 5, 2002
Inclusive? Black Power?
Emancipation of the majority poor?
Friday, July 5, 2002 -- Venezuelan schoolchildren learn of the social and political reasons that led to the Declaration of Independence on July 5, 1811, after a four-day debate in Congress that had started off with a vow of fidelity to Spanish King Fernando VII.
Textbooks also highlight the social groups that existed in colonial times, singling out the role of the “White Creoles” and the “Browns” in shaking off the yoke of the economically asphyxiating Spanish monarchy.
The children are taught that the lower classes or social groups were there only to obey orders and to be bought by the highest bidder ... first the Royalists, then the Republicans. MORE